Public Image Ltd (PiL) are an English post-punk band formed by vocalist John Lydon (aka Johnny Rotten), guitarist Keith Levene and bassist Jah Wobble, with frequent subsequent personnel changes. Lydon is the sole constant member of the band.
Lydon emerged after the break-up of the Sex Pistols with PiL’s First Issue (1978). His new band had a more experimental sound: Wobble’s “droning, slow-tempo, bass-heavy noise rock, overlaid by Lydon’s distinctive, vituperative rant.”Their early work is often regarded as some of the most challenging and innovative music of the post-punk era.
Lydon has been quoted as saying that Public Image represented his more creative side, while the Sex Pistols were his more rebellious side. Public Image were one of the first bands to successfully fuse the influences of krautrock and dub reggae.
In 1989, after 6 studio albums and 2 live albums, Public Image Ltd release their ninth album, imaginatively titled “9”.
The album was produced by Stephen Hague, Eric “ET” Thorngren, and the band.
The opening track on the album “Happy?” (coincidentally the title of the previous PiL album) was released in the US on promo 12″ with a set of Francois Kevorkian remixes and these would later turn up on the B side of the single “Warrior”.
Happy (12″ Mix) 7:04
Happy (Dub) 7:25
Happy (7″ Mix) 3:53